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When any of the formulas and data in this collection are referenced in research publications, it is suggested that the original source be cited rather than the Formulary. Most of this material is well known and, for all practical purposes, is in the "public domain." Numerous colleagues and readers, too numerous to list by name, have helped in collecting and shaping the Formulary into its present form; they are sincerely thanked for their efforts.

Several book-length compilations of data relevant to plasma physics are available. The following are particularly useful:

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities, 3rd edition (Athlone Press, Lon­don, 1976).

A. Anders, A Formulary for Plasma Physics (Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1990).

H. L. Anderson (Ed.), A Physicist's Desk Reference, 2nd edition (Amer­ican Institute of Physics, New York, 1989).

K. R. Lang, Astrophysical Formulae, 2nd edition (Springer, New York, 1980).

The books and articles cited below are intended primarily not for the purpose of giving credit to the original workers, but (1) to guide the reader to sources containing related material and (2) to indicate where to find derivations, ex­planations, examples, etc., which have been omitted from this compilation. Additional material can also be found in D. L. Book, NRL Memorandum Re­port No. 3332 (1977).

1.   See M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Eds., Handbook of Mathematical

Functions (Dover, New York, 1968), pp. 1-3, for a tabulation of some mathematical constants not available on pocket calculators.

2.   H. W. Gould, "Note on Some Binomial Coefficient Identities of Rosen-

baum," J. Math. Phys. 10, 49 (1969); H. W. Gould and J. Kaucky, "Eval­uation of a Class of Binomial Coefficient Summations," J. Comb. Theory 1, 233 (1966).

3.   B. S. Newberger, "New Sum Rule for Products of Bessel Functions with

Application to Plasma Physics," J. Math. Phys. 23, 1278 (1982); 24, 2250 (1983).

4.   P. M. Morse and H. Feshbach, Methods of Theoretical Physics (McGraw-

Hill Book Co., New York, 1953), Vol. I, pp. 47-52 and pp. 656-666.

5.    W. D. Hayes, "A Collection of Vector Formulas," Princeton University,

Princeton, NJ, 1956 (unpublished), and personal communication (1977).

6.    See Quantities, Units and Symbols, report of the Symbols Committee

of the Royal Society, 2nd edition (Royal Society, London, 1975) for a discussion of nomenclature in SI units.

7.    E. R. Cohen and B. N. Taylor, "The 1986 Adjustment of the Fundamental

Physical Constants," COD AT A Bulletin No. 63 (Pergamon Press, New York, 1986); J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 92, 85 (1987); J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 17, 1795 (1988).

8.    E. S. Weibel, "Dimensionally Correct Transformations between Different

Systems of Units," Amer. J. Phys. 36, 1130 (1968).

9.    J. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York,

1941), p. 508.

10.    Reference Data for Engineers: Radio, Electronics, Computer, and Com­

munication, 7th edition, E. C. Jordan, Ed. (Sams and Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1985), Chapt. 1. These definitions are International Telecommunica­tions Union (ITU) Standards.

11.    H. E. Thomas, Handbook of Microwave Techniques and Equipment

(Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1972), p. 9. Further subdivisions are defined in Ref. 10, p. 1-3.

12.    J. P. Catchpole and G. Fulford, Ind. and Eng. Chem. 58, 47 (1966);

reprinted in recent editions of the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, OH) on pp. F306-323.

13.   W. D. Hayes, "The Basic Theory of Gasdynamic Discontinuities," in Fun­

damentals of Gas Dynamics, Vol. Ill, High Speed Aerodynamics and Jet Propulsion, H. W. Emmons, Ed. (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1958).

14.   W. B. Thompson, An Introduction to Plasma Physics (Addison-Wesley

Publishing Co., Reading, MA, 1962), pp. 86-95.

15.    L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Fluid Mechanics, 2nd edition (Addison-

Wesley Publishing Co., Reading, MA, 1987), pp. 320-336.

16.    The Z function is tabulated in B. D. Fried and S. D. Conte, The Plasma

Dispersion Function (Academic Press, New York, 1961).

17.    R. W. Landau and S. Cuperman, "Stability of Anisotropic Plasmas to

Almost-Perpendicular Magnetosonic Waves," J. Plasma Phys. 6, 495 (1971).

18.   B. D. Fried, C. L. Hedrick, J. McCune, "Two-Pole Approximation for the

Plasma Dispersion Function," Phys. Fluids 11, 249 (1968).

19.   B. A. Trubnikov, "Particle Interactions in a Fully Ionized Plasma," Re­

views of Plasma Physics, Vol. 1 (Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965), p. 105.

20.   J. M. Greene, "Improved Bhatnagar—Gross—Krook Model of Electron-Ion

Collisions," Phys. Fluids 16, 2022 (1973).

21.   S. I. Braginskii, "Transport Processes in a Plasma," Reviews of Plasma

Physics, Vol. 1 (Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965), p. 205.

22.   J. Sheffield, Plasma Scattering of Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic

Press, New York, 1975), p. 6 (after J. W. Paul).

23.   K. H. Lloyd and G. Harendel, "Numerical Modeling of the Drift and De­

formation of Ionospheric Plasma Clouds and of their Interaction with Other Layers of the Ionosphere," J. Geophys. Res. 78, 7389 (1973).

24.   C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities, 3rd edition (Athlone Press, Lon­

don, 1976), Chapt. 9.

25.   G. L. Withbroe and R. W. Noyes, "Mass and Energy Flow in the Solar

Chromosphere and Corona," Ann. Rev. Astrophys. 15, 363 (1977).

26.   S. Glasstone and R. H. Lovberg, Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions

(Van Nostrand, New York, 1960), Chapt. 2.

27.   References to experimental measurements of branching ratios and cross

sections are listed in F. K. McGowan, et al., Nucl. Data Tables A6, 353 (1969); A8, 199 (1970). The yields listed in the table are calculated directly from the mass defect.

28.   G. H. Miley, H. Towner and N. Ivich, Fusion Cross Section and Reactivi­

ties, Rept. COO-2218-17 (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 1974); B. H. Duane, Fusion Cross Section Theory, Rept. BNWL-1685 (Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1972).

29.   J. M. Creedon, "Relativistic Brillouin Flow in the High zy/7 Limit,"

J. Appl. Phys. 46, 2946 (1975).

30.   See, for example, A. B. Mikhailovskii, Theory of Plasma Instabilities

Vol. I (Consultants Bureau, New York, 1974). The table on pp. 48-49 was compiled by K. Papadopoulos.

31.   Table prepared from data compiled by J. M. McMahon (personal commu­

nication, 1990).

32.   M. J. Seaton, "The Theory of Excitation and Ionization by Electron Im­

pact," in Atomic and Molecular Processes, D. R. Bates, Ed. (New York, Academic Press, 1962), Chapt. 11.

33.   H. Van Regemorter, "Rate of Collisional Excitation in Stellar Atmo­

spheres," Astrophys. J. 136, 906 (1962).

34.   A. C. Kolb and R. W. P. McWhirter, "Ionization Rates and Power Loss

from (9-Pinches by Impurity Radiation," Phys. Fluids 7, 519 (1964).

35.   R. W. P. McWhirter, "Spectral Intensities," in Plasma Diagnostic Tech­

niques, R. H. Huddlestone and S. L. Leonard, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1965).

36.   M. Gryzinski, "Classical Theory of Atomic Collisions I. Theory of Inelastic

Collision," Phys. Rev. 138A, 336 (1965).

37.   M. J. Seaton, "Radiative Recombination of Hydrogen Ions," Mon. Not.

Roy. Astron. Soc. 119, 81 (1959).

38.   Ya. B. Zel'dovich and Yu. P. Raizer, Physics of Shock Waves and High-

Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic Press, New York, 1966), Vol. I, p. 407.

39.   H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (Academic Press, New York, 1966).

40.   T. F. Stratton, "X-Ray Spectroscopy," in Plasma Diagnostic Techniques,

R. H. Huddlestone and S. L. Leonard, Eds. (Academic Press, New York,


41.   G. Bekefi, Radiation Processes in Plasmas (Wiley, New York, 1966).

42.   T. W. Johnston and J. M. Dawson, "Correct Values for High-Frequency

Power Absorption by Inverse Bremsstrahlung in Plasmas," Phys. Fluids 16, 722 (1973).

43.   W. L. Wiese, M. W. Smith, and B. M. Glennon, Atomic Transition Prob­

abilities, NSRDS-NBS 4, Vol. 1 (U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington,


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